The employment relationship lasts for the period specified in the contract. If such period of time is not specified in the contract, your employment relationship lasts for an indefinite period.
Reasons for termination of employment relationship
An employment relationship may be terminated in the following cases such as by mutual agreement of both parties, by notice, immediate termination, termination during trial period, when a finite-term employment contract expires.
- Mutual agreement. The employer and the employee can come to an agreement on ending the employment on a specified day. The agreement must be in writing with the reasons ending employment stated. The employment ends the day specified in the written agreement.
- Notice. Notice can be given by the employer or an employee in writing. The employee is not required to give a reason when giving notice. On the other hand, employers can only give notice for specific reasons such as when the employer is going out of business, is relocating or an employee become redundant. If notice has been given, employment will end at the conclusion of the notice period. The notice period lasts at least 2 months and it starts on the first day of the month following when the notice was delivered to the other party.
- Immediate termination of the employment. Both employee and the employer can terminate the employment immediately. It has to be in writing and clear reasons for dismissal/quitting have to be given. The employer can immediately terminate the employment if an employee was convicted of a willful offense and sentenced to imprisonment longer than one year or if the employee is guilty of serious misconduct. An employee can terminate the employment if the employer did not pay his salary within 15 days after the due date or according by an occupational physician’s assessment that he can no longer perform his work duties.
- The termination of the employment during trial period. Both employer and the employee can offer to end employment without giving a reason during trial period. Notice must be given in writing.
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