Czech labor force
The Czech Republic has a skilled and educated labor force. All employers in the country are required to conclude an employment contract with their employees. If the employment contract is for longer than one month, it must be in writing. Employers must inform employees about their rights and duties as well as their salary resulting from the contract. The contract must describe the type of work, the day that the employee will start work, and the place where the work will be done. Probationary periods cannot be longer than 3 months and must be agreed in writing.
The employment contract is valid for an indefinite period unless the duration is explicitly stated in the contract. A fixed term employment contract can be terminated or extended by up to 2 years by mutual agreement. This applies to any additional fixed term employment contract concluded between the same parties within this period. It does not apply to fixed term employment contracts concluded between employment agencies and their employees for the purpose of work to be carried out for another employer. Such an employment contract with an agency must be in writing.
During the probationary period, the contract may be cancelled by either the employer or by the employee for any reason. Cancellation must be in writing and delivered at least 3 days before the termination date.
An employee is entitled to accrue holidays if the employment contract lasts for at least 60 continuous days during the calendar year. The minimum holiday period for employees who work for employers is 4 weeks per year. Holiday pay is calculated on the basis of the employee’s average monthly remuneration.